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Home Loan for Self Employed in India: Eligibility & Criteria

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Home Loan For Self Employed

Buying a home is a significant milestone in everyone’s life, and for many, it requires taking a home loan to fulfill this dream. While salaried individuals typically find it easier to secure a home loan, self-employed individuals often face more stringent eligibility criteria and a more complex application process. 

This blog will explore the process of home loan for self employed with eligibility criteria in India.

Understanding Eligibility Criteria for Self Employed 

Before starting the home loan application process, it’s essential to understand the eligibility criteria for self-employed individuals. Banks and financial institutions usually categorize self employed individuals into two main groups: self employed professionals and self-employed non-professionals.

Self Employed Professionals

Self employed professionals include doctors, lawyers, architects, chartered accountants, and others who run their practices. To be eligible for a home loan, they must provide proof of their professional qualifications, experience, and income.

Self Employed Non-Professionals

Self employed non-professionals are individuals engaged in businesses such as traders, manufacturers, and entrepreneurs. Their eligibility criteria may vary depending on their business type, financial stability, and income consistency.

Home Loan For Self Employed Individuals: Eligibility Criteria

Income Stability
  • Income stability is one of the primary factors considered for self employed individuals. Lenders always want to be 100% sure that you have a steady source of income to repay the loan on time.
  • Typically, banks look at the business’s profit and loss statements, income tax returns, and balance sheets of the last few years.  A stable income always helps build trust with lenders.
  • Maintaining a healthy credit score is crucial for self employed individuals. A high credit score reflects your creditworthiness and ability to manage debt responsibly.
  • Lenders usually require a credit score of 750 or above for self-employed applicants.
Business Vintage 
  • The age of your business can impact your eligibility. Most banks prefer businesses with a minimum vintage of 3 to 5 years. Start-ups may need help to secure a home loan.
Income Tax Returns 
  • Lenders often require self-employed individuals to provide their last three years’ income tax returns (ITR). It helps them assess your income and tax compliance, so filing your tax returns on time is very important.
Business Category
  • The nature of your business also matters. Some sectors may be considered riskier, and obtaining a loan could be more challenging. Banks might categorize your business as stable or unstable based on industry norms.
Debt Obligations
  • Lenders assess your debt obligations, including existing loans and credit card dues. Remember, high existing debt can reduce your home loan eligibility.

Process for Home Loan for Self Employed Individuals

Now that we understand the eligibility criteria let’s explore the step-by-step home loan application process for self-employed individuals in India.

Research and Compare

The first step is to research and compare various lenders to find the one that best suits your needs. At the same time, when making any decision, consider interest rates, processing fees, loan tenure, and other terms and conditions.


Gathering the necessary documents is crucial. Be prepared to provide:

  • Identity and address proof
  • Income tax returns for the last three years
  • Business proof, including registration certificates
  • Bank statements for the business
  • Profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and audited financials
  • Business vintage proof
  • Details of existing loans and liabilities
  • Professional qualifications (for self-employed professionals)
Application Form

While filling out the loan application form provided by the lender, ensure all the information you give is complete and accurate.


Credit Assessment

The lender will assess your creditworthiness, including your credit score and history. A good credit score is a significant advantage.

Loan Eligibility

The lender will determine the loan amount you are eligible for based on your income and the property’s value. Most banks offer up to 80% of the property’s value as a loan.

Property Valuation

The lender will evaluate the property you intend to purchase, which involves a legal and technical assessment to ensure the property is free of legal disputes and in good condition.

Loan Sanction

After evaluating your form, documents, and property, if the lender approves your loan, you will get a formal letter of approval by email or post.

Legal Verification

The lender will legally verify the property to ensure no pending legal issues.

Home Loan Disbursement

After all, verifications are complete, the lender will disburse the loan amount directly to the seller or builder of the property.

Registration and Documentation

You will need to sign the loan agreement and other documents. Ensure that you understand the terms and conditions before signing.

EMI Repayment

Once the loan is disbursed, you will begin repaying the loan through Equated Monthly Instalments (EMIs). Paying your EMIs on time is essential to maintain a good credit history.

Tips for Self Employed Home Loan Applicants

Maintain Accurate Financial Records
  • Ensure your business financial records are accurate and up to date to help assess your income and eligibility.
Improve Your Credit Score
  • If your credit score could be better, improve it by clearing outstanding debts and making timely payments.
  • Add a co-applicant with a stable income and good credit score, such as a spouse or parent, to improve your eligibility.
Shop for the Best Deal
  • Don’t settle for the first offer you receive. Shop around and compare interest rates and fees from various lenders to get the best deal.
Professional Advice
  • Consult with a financial advisor or mortgage broker who specializes in home loans for self-employed individuals. They can guide you through the process.


Eligibility criteria for securing a home loan as a self employed individual in India may be a little more complex, but it is always possible. With meticulous financial planning, a good financial record, and a good credit history, you can increase your chances of obtaining a home loan that fulfills your dream of owning a house.

Remember to compare home loan offers, understand the terms and conditions, and make informed decisions to ensure a smooth home loan process. Your new home may be closer than you think!

Read: Why a Good Credit Score is Important for Home Loan

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